Dry skin looks dull and lifeless due to lack of moisture. Well, hydrated skin glows and exhibits a healthy look. Wrinkles develop at an early age due to prolonged dryness of skin. Dry, rough and wrinkled skin gives an aged appearance. Dry and cracked skin harbor microbes and cause fungal infections. Excess drying of skin leads to dry eczema. Hence a proper care should be taken to increase the moisture level of skin and prevent drying. Soft, smooth and wrinkle free skin gives a young and healthy look. Dry skin can appear on any part of your body. It usually affects your hands, arms, and legs.
Dermatitis is the medical term for extremely dry skin. There are many different types of dermatitis:
- allergic contact
- irritant contact
Contact Dermatitis occurs when your skin reacts to something it comes in contact with, causing localized inflammation. Irritant contact dermatitis can occur when your skin is exposed to the certain irritating chemical agent.
Seborrheic dermatitis: - This type of dermatitis is common in infants and occurs when your skin produces too much oil.
Atopic dermatitis is also known as eczema. It’s a chronic skin condition in which dry scaly patches to appear on your skin. It is usually found in young children.
Other conditions which cause dry skin are psoriasis and type 2 diabetes
What Causes Dry Skin?
Our skin is soft and smooth because of oil glands found under our skin. The skin becomes dry when these glands fail to supply sufficient lubrication to keep the skin soft and smooth.
1. The cold and dry weather of winter take its own toll on the skin. The cold, dry weather of the winter season brings about drying of skin making it scaly.
2. Dry skin condition may occur due to genetic factors.
3. Dry skin condition may arise from nutritional deficiencies due to poor diet.
4. Unhealthy practices like exposure to extreme weather conditions, bathing for a long time in the very hot water, using harsh soaps, swimming in chlorinated water, chemicals, and harsh cosmetics.
5. The skin loses its capacity to retain moisture, as we grow old. The extreme climatic conditions to which we get exposed, as we grow old worsen the condition and skin become drier.
6. Few underlying diseases like hypothyroidism, diabetes, eczema, psoriasis or seborrhea may also lead to dry skin.
7. Dry skin may arise as an effect of medications like diuretics, antihistamines and anti-spasmodic.
Treatment for dry skin
Treatment for skin dryness depends on the cause of your dry skin. Dryness will be managed through diet, lifestyle, and medicine. By avoiding bathing in hot water, eating spicy, dry foods, by drinking plenty of water and massaging with herbal oils can reduce the intensity of dry skin.
Dr. R.S. Roy, Chief Physician and M.D. of Amrita Ayurveda Medical Centre is one of the best Ayurvedic physicians in the country and you can be assured of getting safe and best results after you are treated. Visit www.drrsroy.com to know more.
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